Before going into any details about bone marrow transplantation, one must have a very clear cut idea and knowledge of what actually is bone marrow and why is maintain the good health of bone marrow important for the overall physical well being of any individual.
What is bone marrow?
The human body has 206 bones with acts as a structural support system. As we all know that bones are not solid, and there is a hollow space inside them, these spaces are filled with a kind of semi solid tissues filled with red blood cells and other nutritive substances. This is called the bone marrow which constitutes about 4% of our body weight. Now, one of the most commonly asked questions is that why these tissues are important and what purpose do they serve. The answer is that bone marrow contains the most amounts of lymph nodes of the human body which are absolutely essential for the human immune system. Bone marrows also provide some form of nutrition to the bones in order to keep them healthy and strong and preventing them from becoming fragile.
Despite being an important element of the human immune system, the bone marrow can contract various diseases. Most of which are highly dangerous. But with bone marrow transplant cost in India becoming relatively better with time, more people with bone marrow diseases are able to get themselves treated.
So, what are the various diseases that can affect our bone marrow?
There are various factors that can cause bone marrow diseases like genetics, health habits as well as environment. Defects in bone marrow could lead to various extremely harmful diseases like leukemia a form of blood related cancer and other versions of lymph related diseases like anemia which if not fatal can still be extremely dangerous.
Treatment of these diseases of the bone marrow:
Most often bone marrow diseases are treatable. The treatment to these diseases originating due to an unhealthy bone marrow depends on various factors like type of the disease as well as it’s severity. Bone marrow transplantation is one such treatment given to patients who have damaged or defective bone marrow.
What is bone marrow transplantation?
As the name itself suggests, bone marrow transplantation is a medical procedure where the destroyed or even partly damaged bone marrow is replaced with stem cells from healthy bone marrow. Cost of bone marrow transplant in India has become lesser than what it was earlier. This is a very crucial surgical process which requires only the best and most talented surgeons and doctors to do. However this complex procedure has yielded desired results as it is considered to be one of the most successful cancer treatment procedures with a very high success and survival rate all over the world, including that in India.
With the initial recovery period to be around about three months to total recovery taking one full year, bone marrow transplantation is a complex and expensive medical procedure with it’s share of complications. However it’s high success rate makes it one of the important discoveries of medical science to have lives.