If the doctor suspects Typhoid, he is going to prescribe a test to identify Salmonella enterica or Typhi. In the regions where the disease is endemic, people will be prescribed Typhoid test. In the recent years there has been advancement in molecular immunology to help identify markers of typhoid fever and hence there are typhoid fever detection kits for rapid detection. Typhoid fever is infectious illness which is completely associated with fever. It is caused by the bacteria called Salmonella Typhi Bacteria. When there is fecal contamination of food and water, the bacteria settles into that. If a human being consumes it, there is Typhoid. The disease may spread easily to other regions as well. In both developing and undeveloped nations, Typhoid is the major health issue or medical condition that many people suffer.
Diagnosis of Typhoid fever
Any ingestion of food and drink infected by Salmonella can lead to Typhoid. First this bacteria invades the person’s intestine and then it enters the bloodstream of the person. A lab test is prescribed for the diagnosis of Typhoid. Some of the tests to confirm this fever are blood test, stool culture and bone marrow test. However, so many tests won’t be prescribed as it can get expensive. So, the medical professional prescribes simple blood test but this is also not enough. The antibody can become positive at the later stage. So, even if you have Typhoid, it won’t show on the report in the initial days. WIDAL Test is exclusively for diagnosing Typhoid.
What is Widal test and how it is performed?
Typhidot or Widal Test is that rapid and serological test which helps to diagnose Typhoid. Typhoid or enteric fever is fever causing, life threatening illness which is transmitted when you consume ingested food or water. Typhoid is usually accompanied by rose colored skin rashes, diarrhea and progressive fever. Widal lab test is performed to detect the presence of antibody. The test can reveal titres of antibody. It is both a qualitative test and quantitative test.
The Typhoid screening test is must to perform for it helps to diagnose the condition and its severity. It can also detect other kinds of salmonella infection. When you show any of the following symptoms, the doctor prescribes the test:
- non-blood diarrhea
- intestinal hemorrhage in the severe cases
- too much sweating
- enlarged liver and spleen
When there is high fever accompanied by 2-3 other symptoms mentioned above, the doctor will immediately prescribe the test. Blood test, stool test and Widal test confirm presence of antibody. Till the time the report comes out, the doctor prescribes certain medication to control the situation. During this period of time, Ciprofloxacin may be administered.
How easy is the Widal test?
The test to diagnose Typhoid is easy and cost effective. The best part is that it may be conducted at home. There are testing kits available that may be used at home. You can book online test and the lab professional visits your home for the test. This also applies to fbs test. As the fever is purely bacterial, it may be dangerous if nothing is done in a timely manner. There may be serious complications if medication is not administered.
Widal test is the test of choice to detect Typhoid fever. Hospital standard cholesterol test and Widal test may be conducted at home.