Lung diseases can be of different types and they may even vary in severity. In the recent times, the number of women developing and dying from lung diseases is increasing quite fast in the United States. Some of the most common lung diseases affecting women include asthma, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis, influenza and pneumonia and Lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Among all these, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is the most common one.
Lisa M. Cannon talks about the causes and symptoms of pulmonary disease
COPD or Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a chronic inflammatory lung disease which causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. It is usually caused due to the long-term exposure to irritating gases or cigarette smoke. Patients suffering from COPD are usually at increased risk of developing lung cancer heart disease, and a range of other conditions.
Lisa M. Cannon, MD is a practicing Pulmonary Disease Specialist in Waldwick, NJ. Dr. Cannon has graduated from New York Medical College in the year 1991. Dr. Cannon specializes in Sleep Medicine as well. Dr. Cannon says that COPD symptoms do not appear until considerable lung damage has taken place, and they typically deteriorate over time, especially if exposure to smoking continues. Following are some of the symptoms of pulmonary disease:
- Shortness of breath, particularly during physical activities
- Chest tightness
- A chronic cough that may produce mucus
- Need to clear throat first thing in the morning, because of excess mucus in the lungs
- Frequent respiratory infections
- Blueness of the lips or fingernail beds
- Lack of energy
- Swelling in feet, legs or ankles
- Unintended weight loss
Patients with COPD also experience exacerbations, during which their symptoms become deteriorate further than normal everyday variation and persist for a minimum of several days.
The main cause of Pulmonary Disease is tobacco smoking and can also take place in people exposed to gas from burning fuel and heating in badly ventilated homes. Lisa M. Cannon, MD being a Pulmonary Disease Specialist says that pulmonary disease may cause several types of complications such as depression, heart problems, respiratory infections, lung cancer and high blood pressure in the arteries of the lung. Lisa says that there is no cure for COPD, but treatment can assist ease symptoms, reduce the chance of complications, and can also improve the quality of life. Oxygen therapy medications, , and surgery are some common types of treatments. Untreated, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can result in heart problems and deteriorating respiratory infections.
To diagnose the disease, doctors use imaging tests, lung function tests, and blood tests. After the disease is diagnosed, the doctor may prescribe certain medications which can help to reduce the signs and symptoms and if the medications cannot help then the doctor may suggest surgery or even lung transplant. However, it is important to note that pulmonary disease can be treated and a patient can lead a better quality life if it is treated on time.