Sleep apnea is a disorder in which the body and brain do not get enough oxygen. This happens because the patient’s breathing is interrupted while sleeping. Breathing may be interrupted even hundreds of times. There are two types of this sleeping disorder. The first one is obstructive sleep apnea and the second one is central sleep apnea. This occurs when airways are blocked. Airways are not blocked in the case of central sleep apnea. Central sleep apnea occurs when the brain does not send signals to the muscles to breathe. This happens when the respiratory control center becomes unstable. This disorder can lead to some other health problems. So, the patient is advised to visit the nearest clinic for sleep apnea treatment.
Who is at the risk?
Even children can suffer from sleep apnea. Age does not matter. Following are the risk factors:
- You are a male.
- You are overweight.
- You age more than 40 years.
- You are a man with neck length more than 17 inches or you are a woman with neck length more than 16 inches.
- You have a small jaw bone, a large tongue and large tonsils.
- It is in your family history.
- You have obstructed nasals due to sinus problems, allergies or deviated septum.
- You are more likely to suffer from this condition and you can visit a doctor for sleep apnea treatment.
How does sleep apnea affect the patient?
It is extremely important to see a doctor for sleep apnea treatment. Otherwise, this sleeping disorder can increase the risk of some other health problems such as stroke, high blood pressure, heart attacks, heart failure, irregular heart beats, depression, headaches, diabetes and it can even worsen ADHD.
Apart from these health problems, sleep apnea can also affect your ability to perform day to day activities. This can also lead to poor academic performance in students.
What are the symptoms of sleep apnea?
Following are the common symptoms of sleep apnea:
- You are often waking up with a dry or sore throat.
- Morning headaches
- Restless sleep
- You are waking up with gasping sensation
- Drowsy driving
- Feeling energy deprived during the day
- Sleepiness during the day
- Insomnia or recurrent awakenings
- Decreased interest in sex
- Mood changes or forgetfulness
If you notice some of these symptoms of sleep apnea, visit a doctor for diagnosis and get sleep apnea treatment.
Tests and diagnosis
After you visit a doctor for diagnosis, the doctor will ask to have polysomnogram, a sleep apnea test. Sometimes you need not to visit a sleep disorder center. This test can be done at your home as well.
Polysomnogram is a multiple-component test in which some specific physical activities are recorded while the patient is sleeping. The doctor then analyzes the results of this test to find out whether you are suffering from this disorder or not. The doctor may ask the patient to have further sleep testing to find out the best sleep apnea treatment option for the patient. Depending on the results of this test, the doctor will determine the best sleep apnea treatment for the patient. There are some other tests for the diagnosis of sleep apnea. These tests include electroencephalogram, electromyogram, electro-oculogram, electrocardiogram, recording snoring activity and recording airflow.
Never ignore if you experience these symptoms and visit a doctor for diagnosis and sleep apnea treatment.